GUIDEBOOK OF HYPERIA

OCTUBER 21th, 2013

INTRODUCTION

Newpsychiatry publishes today Guidebook of Hyperia. This text must be conceived as an updated version of the theory of hyperia, which contains the most recent neuro-scientific evidences that are in concordance with such proposal and, hereby, reinforces it.

CHAPTER I: THE DECALOGUE OF HIPERIA

The termed Decalogue of Hyperia  contains the ten distinctive and characterizing features of hyperia. These enunciations seem very simple, nevertheless every one of them contains a lot of information and they enclose all neuroscientific knowledge that we need to get an adequate comprehension of new neuropsychiatric paradigm proposed by Newpsychiatry.

1. Hyperia is a distinctive state of consciousness that, like others (vigil, oniric, hypnic, epileptic, meditative consciousness, etc.), is determined by the condition of neuronal activity during this state.

2. During hiperic state appears a peculiar structure of consciousness that suddenly narrows, focusing most of its attention on a particular experience that automatically runs through the mind at this moment, and that is lived with great intensity and feeling of strangeness : they are the hyperic experiences.

3. Hyperya is the result of the firing of certain neural pathways during which a greater number of neurons than usual remains activated at the same time: so, it is a neuronal hypersynchrony.

4. Neuronal hypersynchronies can be divided in two main groups:

a. Proactive or productive hypersynchronies: they promote the start of a complex cerebral function, such as language, learning, memory, sexual activity, etc.

b. Reactive or suppressive hypersynchronies: they surge as a secondary reaction to a productive hyeprsynchrony which, because of different reasons, menaces nervous central system stability, being necessary to start a different kind of hypersynchrony, which ends the initial proactive hypersynchrony that has become now undesirable. 

5. All hypersynchronies are mediated by cerebral activating neurotransmission, that is, by amino acid excitatory neurotransmission, also known with generic term of glutamate neurotransmission. Now, many neuroscientific evidences indicate that the excitatory neurotransmitters mediating proactive or productive hypersynchronies are different of excitatory neurotransmitters mediating the reactive or suppressive ones.

6. From above exposed it is deduced an important fact: in despite of often co- occurrence in the same person, these two kinds of hypersynchrony are not possible at the same moment. This conception of hypersynchronies, as two kinds muatually excluding at the same time, allow us tu iunderstand and to explain some paradoxical facts until present unclear and even or contradictory.

7. The current neuropsychiatric paradigm places the hyperic hypersyncrony into the epileptic or reactive ones. On the contrary, Newpsychiatry proposes that psychic manifestations of hyperic hypersynchrony promote intuitive knowledge in its different modalities, reason because of they must be conceived as the expression of a proactive or productive hyperynchrony.

8. In fact, hyperic expreiences constitute an important source of human creativity.

9. Hyperia is a cerebral cognitive function that produces sudden and clairvoyant cognitions which usually are accompanied of telepathic phenomena. Like other cerebral functions, such as memory, musical capacity, mathematical intelligence, etc., hyperia is educable and can be reinforced by means of all these stimuli —either physical or chemical or psychological— that promote the apparition of this particular state of consciousness: light, music, physical exercise, psychotropic drugs, psychotherapies, meditation, concentration, repetition of mantas or ejaculations, etc., 

10. Hyperic experiences have pathological significance only when, by different reasons, they originate a morbid style of life and deteriorate the psycho-social functioning of the person. In such cases we find these experiences conforming different psychiatric symptoms or syndromes.

CHAPTER II: MANAGMENT OF HYPERIA

Hyperia hypothesizes that numerous psychic experiences so far considered psychiatric symptoms are an expression of a cerebral hypersynchrony of adaptive nature. Like other neuronal hipersincronías  (sleep, memory , sexuality, etc..), hyperia is a genetically determined brain function. It promotes intuitive knowledge and telepathic communication.

This hypothesis explains many psychiatric symptoms (hallucinations, delusions, panic attacks, etc.) as positive psychic productions, compared to current psychiatric paradigm that explains them how the result of a disease.

We have been defending this new paradigm for more than ten years ago, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11399118, based on neuro-scientific criteria. Since then numerous evidences appeared in these sciences, especially in the neuropsychopharmacological one, which are consistent with the hypothesis of hyperia and therefore reinforce it.

We lack the means to carry out experimental studies to test the validity of this hypothesis, and we stuck to publish articles in neuro-scientific journals to disseminate the knowledge of its existence. Paradoxically, sometimes our papers are rejected arguing that this is an easily testable hypothesis, as Behavioral and Brain Sciencesanswered us in August 2013; "The problem for this article for BBS is that your hypothesis of hypersynchrony in defined regions in individuals with various ecstatic, religious, musical and other states, separate from but related to the pathology of epilepsy, is completely and aasily testable."

An important step in order to validate this hypothesis would be to open a Unit for Management of Hiperia.

Creating a Management Unit of Hyperia be a major breakthrough in how to approach and treat these psychological manifestations. Indeed, under the current psychiatric paradigm these experiences are catalogued as a result and/or expression of a mental illness.

Let us briefly discuss what this means for the person who experiences them. These psychic productions use to onset in adolescence or early adulthood. Let us suppose that our protagonist is experiencing hallucinations and/or delusions. He realizes that something unusual is happening in his mind, but can not help it, and attends as a spectator powerless of amazing and distressing psychic events that happens in your brain.

Indeed, regardless of what are the contents of that hallucinatory and/or delusional episode, the young feel great distress and surprise in finding that something very strange is happening in his consciousness.

The young may initially try to control these phenomena on their own without anyone discuss this. But when no longer stand them, ask for help from closest people, usually parents.

They carry the boy to the psychiatrist, who diagnoses a mental illness, most often schizophrenia, which involves very serious connotations for the future of that person. Thus begins a disease process that almost always ends with the complete social incapacitation that young.

Let us suppose that, rather than hallucinations and/or delusions ideas, what our hero experiences are abrupt and unmotivated changes of affection, with joyful exaltation irresistible phases alternating with equally uncontrollable deep depression periods.

The process that follows is similarly morbid to that described above, with the difference that the diagnosis is now of bipolar disorder. The consequences of this diagnosis are similar to those derived from the diagnosis of schizophrenia: a tremendous handicap that usually ends destroying the person.

A third possibility is that the extraordinary experiences are hallucinatory/delusional states with alternating expansive mixed and depressive phases. In this case the subject is diagnosed with schizoaffective disorder, which means he is having schizophrenia and bipolar disorder at the same time. It is not necessary to clarify that this diagnosis is even more deleterious than the previous ones.

So far the process suffering young people who have these extraordinary experiences and are treated with the current psychiatric paradigm. But how would that process if those experiences were focused from the paradigm of hyperia? I mean, what if that young man, instead of being admitted to a Psychiatric Hospitalization Unit, he was brought by his parents to a Management Unit of Hiperia?

Young goes to the Hyperic Unit accompanied by their parents, and they reside there for several days or weeks, depending time of stay of the intensity of the hyperic experiences encountered.

From the first moment is taught, both the protagonist and their parents, to evaluate hyperic experiences as manifestations of normal brain. These phenomena are as normal as dream manifestations. The only difference is that the hyperic person is able to dream being awake.

Therefore, the first step is to convince parents and the young that this is not a sick person, but to a human being particularly gifted for hyperic activity. This high predisposition for hyperia is probably of inherited nature. Telling to an individual that he is well endowed for hyperia is equivalent to saying that is well equipped for musical or mathematical intelligence. Therefore, it is not a reproach, but quite the contrary: it is highlight a positive quality.

Once the young and their parents feel safe and comfortable with this interpretation, the second step is to assess the affective tone of hyperic experiences. Whether joyful or painful, it is necessary to teach the individual to live with them. The young man has to learn to control the sadness or joy involved in these experiences, and does not act  longer moved by these feelings.

This point is the key to managing hyperia: to control emotions without being drawn to act under their pressure. In fact, in certain cases it is necessary to employ sedative medication because the feelings are so very strong that the protagonist is utterly unable to control them. We will use this medication only for the time necessary for him to learn to control their emotions.

Paradoxically, individuals whose hipéricas experiences are handled according to the principles of the psychiatric paradigm currently in force must also learn to endure and live with these extraordinary phenomena, and they can not talk about these experiences with anyone.

Indeed, when a young is brought to psychiatrist what usually happens is that it is subjected to treatment with antipsychotics in an involuntary way, because he has no conscience of be suffering from a disease. He knows that something abnormal is happening on his mind but does not identify it as a disease. So, he accepts antipsychotic treatment reluctantly. After a while, weeks or months, and after suffer the serious and unpleasant side effects of such medication, his first action is to not take this drugs as it bothers him. But then his family and /or psychiatrist discovered the deception. The next step is to learn to disguise psychotic symptoms because the patient knows that if he does not speak of them, people around him think he is well compensated and have no psychotic symptoms.

In short, either with the usual psychiatric treatment or with hyperic approach, the patient has to learn to live with his extraordinary experiences. Now, in the first case is something that has to achieve himself after a long and painful process, while in the case of hyperic approach the individual is aided by the doctor and his family to obtain this learning.

In addition, this second approach teaches him to live with positive psychological manifestations, while psychiatric approach postulates he is suffering painful and negative psychic symptoms.
We believe that what has been said here the advantages and disadvantages of each of the two paradigms are clear.

CHAPTER III: HYPERIA RATING SCALE (updated March 25th, 2014)

This scale is used to measure the degree of genetic predisposition of each individual to experience hyperic phenomena, that is, to have hyperconsciousness states during which certain psychic automatism occur:

1) Distortion of subjective experience of time: During a state of hyperic consciousness the experience of subjective time, or immanent time, is always altered. The most common alteration is that mental events occurring during the hyperic state appear to happen in an instant, so it is impossible to specify the duration thereof. Other times, as in the states of euphoric exaltation, time goes a long way and in one day you have the impression of having performed the tasks a month. In depressive states the subject has the opposite perception: 1-2-3-4-5
 a) Never: 0
 b) Some times: 2
 c) Frequently but with little intensity: 3
 d) It is very intense but it does not scare me: 4
 e) It is so intense that distresses me and I need to comment it with somebody: 5

2) Experiences of déjà vu andor déjá vécu (what I am seeing or experiencing just at this moment I already I saw it in the same manner in a previous occasion): 1.2.3.4.5 
 a) Never: 0
 b) Very few times (<5 in life): 1
 c) Few times (5 to 10): 2
 d) Frequently (between 10 and 20): 3
 e) Usual (20 to 30): 4
 f) The experience of déjà vécu involves the perception of events occurring at distance and whose veracity I can check after: 5

3) Experiences of depersonalization andor derealization (suddenly either my own self or my environment, have changed and I experience them different than usual, although I am aware that my perceptual organs are functioning properly. This strange experience of self and/or of the outside world often is accompanied by anxiety: 1.2.3.4.5 
 a) Never: 0
 b) Very few times: (<3 in life): 1
 c) Few times (between 3 and 5): 2
 d) Frequently (about 10): 3
e)Very common (> 10): 4
f) So frequent that produce psychosocial impairment and/or harmful: 5

4) Panic attacks (sudden and very acute crisis of extreme terror with fear of going insane or dying, along with vegetative symptoms such as sweating, tremors, dizziness, etc.): 1.2.3.4.5
 a) None: 0
 b) Less than three: 1
c) Three to five: 2
d) Between five and ten: 4
e) So frequent that have influenced my life story (include diagnosis of panic disorder): 5

5) Hallucinations: the subject perceives (sees, hears, smells or feels) something that others do not see and he is convinced of the real existence of this phenomenon: 1.2.3.4.5
 a) Never: 0
 b) Once: 1
 c) Twice 2
 d) Three times 3
 e) More than three times 4
 f) So that produce psychosocial impairment and/or harmful: 5

6) Very intense and automatic cognitions, accompanied of feeling of clairvoyance and, usually, of telepathic phenomena also (intuitions and synchronicities are included here): 1.2.3.4.5
 a) Light intensity and experienced as normal: 1
 b) Experienced with moderate intensity: 2
 c) Experienced with great intensity but without conviction of absolute certainty: 3
 d) Accompanying such intense feeling of absolute certainty, that is, with delusional intensity: 4
 e) So frequent that produce psychosocial impairment and/or harmful: 5

7) Automatic and brief sadness-hypoactivity attacks or euphoria-hyperactivity attacks, sometimes alternating each other quickly. These emotional states, which are experienced as something strange and alien to oneself, often also involve clairvoyant cognitions and telepathic phenomena: 1.2.3.4.5
 a) No: 0
 b) Soft and perceived as normal: 1
 c) Intense and perceived as anomalous: 2
 d) Very intense but keeping control of myself: 3
 e) So intense that I lose self-control and fall into misconduct: 4
 f) So frequent that produce psychosocial impairment and/or harmful: 5

8) Hyperic responsiveness to music (certain music and/or songs elicit in my mind some of the automatic experiences described in paragraphs 1 to 7): 1.2.3.4.5
 a) No: 0
 b) Soft: 1
 c) Moderate 2
 d) Intense but not surprise me 3
 e) So intense that it concern me and/or scare me 4
 f) So much extraordinarily intense that I needed medical help: 5

9) Hiperic responsiveness to smells and/or tastes once usual in the past: When the subject, after have passed  a lot of time, turns to perceive one of those formerly familiar smells and/or tastes, suddenly emerges a hypermnesia with many and strong memories passing automatically by the mind. This automatic cascade of memories usually refers to the period in which smells and/or tastes were usual: 1.2.3.4.5
 a) Never: 0
 b) Once: 2
 c) Two to three times: 3
 d) Four to five: 4
 e) Over five: 5

10) Hyperic responsiveness to light: certain types of light, above all flashing and/or coloured lights, elicit some of automatic psychic experiences described in paragraphs 1 to 7: : 1.2.3.4.5
 a) No: 0
 b) Soft: 1
 c) Moderate: 2
 d) Intense but not surprise me: 3
 e) So intense that concern and/or scare me: 4
 f) So much extraordinarily intense that I needed medical help: 5

11) Hyperic responsiveness to environ-mental stress: stressful situations around me trigger  in my mind some of automatic experiences described in paragraphs 1 to 7: 1.2.3.4.5
 a) No: 0
 b) So soft that passed almost unnoticed: 1
 c) Moderate: 2
 d) Intense but not surprise me: 3
e) So intense that it concern and/or scare me: 4
f) So much extraordinarily intense that I needed medical help: 5